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Elusive Mullah Omar 'back in Afghanistan'

Al-Qaida rich and ready to strike, says UN

Pass notes: Sayed Hashimy

Tea and MBEs for two Kabul heroes who kept the flag flying for Britain

The British in Afghanistan: from the 1880s to the present day

America 'reliant on Kabul's neighbours'

Taliban melt away before army sweep

Networks paid for videos

Al-Qaida videos show poison gas tests

Gary Younge: Under a veil of deceit

British soldiers die in Kabul shoot-out after row

UN evidence of Taliban massacre

'We're back where we started'

Afghan children struggle to swap streets for school

Iran lends its weight to war on al-Qaida

US helped Taliban to safety, magazine claims

Oliver Burkeman in New York
Monday January 21, 2002
The Guardian

An American-approved evacuation of Pakistani military officials from the besieged Afghan city of Kunduz last November "slipped out of control", allowing al-Qaida fighters to join the exodus, it was claimed yesterday.

"Dirt got through the screen," a US intelligence official told New Yorker magazine.

According to the magazine, the US allowed Pakistan's military officials to be flown to safety to preserve the political standing of General Pervez Musharraf, whose survival is seen as crucial to the American war effort.

The exodus - which the administration insisted at the time had not taken place - was intended only to rescue Pakistani officials from Kunduz, which was surrounded by Northern Alliance troops backed by American forces.

But the New Yorker's defence correspondent, Seymour Hersh, quotes a senior intelligence source as saying that Taliban and al-Qaida fighters slipped on board. "Everyone brought their friends with them," a defence adviser told him.

The US military may even have directly co-operated in the airlifts, according to the article, which is based on conversations with intelligence officials and senior military officers. Two such sources told Hersh that the US central command was ordered to establish a special air corridor to guarantee that the rescue flights could proceed safely.

"Unhappy is not the word," said an analyst who worked with Delta Force, the commando unit charged with destroying Taliban bases on the ground, describing the army's reaction to the order.

Rumours of the airlifts came initially from Northern Alliance officials but were strenuously denied by Donald Rumsfeld, the US defence secretary. Asked about rescue aircraft, he said in November: "If we see them, we shoot them down." He said later: "Any idea that those people should be let loose on any basis at all to leave that country and destabilise other countries is unacceptable."

The Indian national security minister, Brajesh Mishra, is quoted as saying that as many as 5,000 Pakistanis were rescued. US sources suggested the total was much lower.

Asked about the report yesterday, Mr Rumsfeld said: "I do not believe it happened. No one that I know connected with the United States in any way saw any such thing as a major air exodus out of Afghanistan into Pakistan."

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